Herbicides comprise more than half of all chemicals used in Australia
On 20 March 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) cancer agency – declared glyphosate, the active ingredient in the herbicide Roundup made by agriculture company Monsanto, as a Group 2A poison, “probably carcinogenic to humans”.
Professor Lin Fritschi who co-authored the IARC report said regulatory guidelines should now be reviewed to limit or ban the use of herbicides containing glyphosate. Several countries, most notably, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sri Lanka, Brazil, France and Canada have now either banned the chemical approach to weed management, and some have banned the sale of Roundup altogether.
“Chemicals containing glyphosate are routinely used by councils in Far North Queensland to spray public spaces, including playgrounds, sports fields, footpaths and water catchment areas” said spokesperson for the Cairns group, Residents Against Glyphosate.
Globally the most used chemical 650 000 tonnes of glyphosate products were used in 2011. With GM glyphosate resistant crops, usage is expected to increase 800% by 2025.
(Friends of the Earth Europe, 2013)
“Glyphosate, contrary to being essentially nontoxic, may in fact be the most biologically disruptive chemical in our environment.” “Glyphosate could plausibly contribute to inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, depression, ADHD, autism, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, MS, cancer, infertility, and developmental malformations.” Entropy 2013, 15, 1-x manuscripts; doi:10.3390/ e140x000x Glyphosate’s Suppression of Cytochrome P450 Enzymes and Amino Acid Biosynthesis by the Gut Micro biome: Pathways to Modern Diseases
Environmental risk from using glyphosate on hard surfaces
According to Ramwell (2006):
- Glyphosate is removed easily from asphalt and concrete.
- Glyphosate losses were about 35% of the applied chemical.
- 80% of loss occurs in the first few millimetres of rainfall.
According to Samsel and Seneff (2013):
- Glyphosate toxicology effects mammalian gut flora, those trillions of living bacteria that extract energy from your food contributing to your health and vitality.
Adelaide University Study
2015 Adelaide university study has shown that Roundup is more toxic to human reproductive cells than glyphosate alone, as it was shown to be an endocrine disruptor. Danielle Glynn & Vicki Edwards (2015]. Endocrine disruption and cytotoxicity of glyphosate and roundup in human JAr cells in vitro. Integrative Pharmacology, Toxicology and Genotoxicology, 1(1), 12-19]